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Jamaican Sprinters ----
Jamaica has more Olympic medals than Portugal, Taiwan, Saudi Arabia, Iceland, Singapore and Kuwait combined. they have also competed in the Summer Olympic Games 16 times. In addition Jamaica has produced some of the finest Olympic athletes in the past decade in both male and female track and field.
Sprinting, in short, is a dominated by Jamaica and their world class athletes. Gold medalists and world record holders like: Usain Bolt in both the 100 and 200 meters, Jamaica’s mens 4X100 team that consists of
and Asafa Powell
in the women's 100 meter are few examples of their dominance. Their supremacy in sprinting has had many people thinking about how they are doing this. Training , diet, genes, drugs and culture all contribute greatly to the record breaking performances in sprinting events by Jamaica in the Olympics.
Top 5 Jamaican 100m Athletes - Women
17 August 2009
7 September 1996
10 July 2009
24 May 2006
1 August 1992
Top 5 Jamaican 100m Athletes — men
16 August 2009
2 September 2008
20 September 2009
17 July 2009
25 August 1991
Jamaica entered its first-ever athletics team into an international competition.
In 1948, Jamaica made their first ever Olympic appearance at the 1948 Summer Olympics and surprised the world by winning 1 gold and two silvers.
In the 1952 Summer Olympics, Jamaican heroes Arthur Wint and Herb Mckenley were back along with George Rhoden and Leslie Laing. Together these four made up the gold medal winning 4x400 meter relay team team becoming the only team other than the Americans to hold a 4x400m world record by running 3:03.9 in the final.
For the 1960 Summer Olympics, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobagoand Barbados entered a joint team known as the British West Indies Federation (BWI).The 1966 British Empire and Commonwealth Games were the first to be held in Jamaica and the first outside the "White Commonwealth". Much to the disappointment of the Kingston,Jamaica crowd, Jamaica didn’t win any gold medals
In 1970, Jamaica equalled its 1958 British Empire and Commonwealth Games record haul in the 1970 British Commonwealth Games of 4 golds 2 silvers and a bronze.
At the 1980 Summer Olympics, Jamaica won a bronze medal in cycling and won two more bronze medals in athletics. Those medals came thanks to Donald Quarrie in the 200m and 20 year old Merlene Ottey who became the first female athlete from an English speaking Caribbean island to win an Olympic medal after winning bronze in the 200m.In 1983, the first ever 1983 World Championships in Athletics were held. This gave Jamaican athletes more opportunities to win major medals.
The next 1992 Summer Olympics were in 1992 in Barcelona and Jamaica had many athletes capable of winning the Olympic Gold medal but none rose to the occasion.
A year later at the 1993 World Championships in Athletics, Ottey proved the critics wrong by becoming World 200m Champion at the age of 33. She then won silver in the 100m.
The next year at the 1997 World Championships in Athletics, Jamaica won no golds but managed 3 silvers and 4 bronzes.
There was a lot of controversy before the 2000 Olympics Olympics in Sydney which almost resulted in Jamaica being thrown out of the competition.Jamaica won no gold medals at the 2000 Olympics.The 2004 Summer Olympics|2004 Olympics in Athens Jamaica a total of 5 medals - 2 gold, 1 silver, and 2 bronze.
2008, 21-year old Usain Bolt proved Jamaica's dominance in the 100m which isn't his favoured event, first running 9.76, becoming second on the all-time list and then on 1 June 2008 he ran 9.72 breaking the 100m world record held by fellow Jamaican Asafa Powell (9.74 secs) by two hundredths of a second. This meant that the two fastest men in the world were Jamaicans.
Legislation, Facts and/or Data-
sprinter usually has a single or double copy of the ACTN3 gene. This gene has been linked with protein synthesis and the high-speed muscular contractions crucial for sprinting.
gene encodes a protein called α-actinin-3, which is found within the fast fibres of muscle - the cells that are required for generating rapid, forceful contraction in activities such as sprinting and weightlifting.
The double copy of the ACTN3 gene is found in 72% of Jamaican citizens- which produces a protein in there fast-twitch muscle fibers that has been linked to increased sprinting performances- the gene is found in 76% of Olympic athletes. The single copy of the ACTN3 gene is found in 26% of ordinary Jamaicans and 23% of Olympians.
Protein ACTN3 (from Google Images)
Scientists have known for years yams contain high amounts of steroidal glycosides, which are naturally occurring steroid alkaloids,Scientists such as Russell Marker actually used the yam to first synthesize testosterone back in the early 1930's. They were able to do so because the chemical structure of the yam is identical to human testosterone. And, of course, all anabolic steroids are then developed from testosterone.
Jamaican Yams (from Google Images)
Testosterone (from Google Images)
The warm weather of the island makes for a near perfect training climate for speed-power athletes. Therefore they are able to train year round since the temperature rarely dips below 80 degrees in the day and there’s only a 10-degree difference between the summer and winter temperatures.
August 16th 2009 - Berlin, Germany – With a performance that defies the imagination, Usain Bolt set a new 100m World record of 9.58 on the second evening of the
12th IAAF World Championships in Athletics
at the Olympic Stadium in Berlin. The 22-year-old Jamaican knocked a mind-blowing 0.11 second from the 9.69 record he set at the Olympic Games in Beijing.
Biographical Sketches of Key Individuals-
Jamaicas coach of
triple Olympic and World Championship gold medallist Usain Bolt and president of the Racers Track Club, is Glen Mills. Under Mills' guidence, between 1987 and 2009, Jamaica obtained 71 medals at the World Championships -13 gold, 31 silver and 27 bronze. In that same time period, the country collected 33 medals at the Olympics -9 gold, 16 silver and 8 bronze.
Bolt announced that he would double-up with the Athletics at the 2008 Summer Olympics-Men's 100 metres and Athletics at the 2008 Summer Olympics-Men's 200 metres events at the 2008 Summer Olympics, and the new 100 m world-record holder was the
to win both. He was selected as the IAAF Male Athlete of the year and won a Special Olympic Award for his performances. However, Bolt turned his attention to future events, suggesting that he could aim to break the 400 metres world record in 2010 as no major championships were scheduled that year.
16 August 2009
Men's 100 metres world record progression Electronic timing .28 post-1976.29, Also holds the second fastest time with 9.69, which is the Olympic record.
Manchester, United Kingdom
17 May 2009
He ran the last 100 m in 8.70, the fastest ever recorded time over a 100 m distance.
20 August 2009
Also holds the second fastest time with 19.30, which is the Olympic Record.
5 May 2007
4x100 meter relay
22 August 2008
. Also holds the second fastest time with 37.31.
Glossary Of Terms-
BWI- British West Indies Federation
The act or an instance of sprinting, especially a short race at top speed. A burst of speed or activity
sprint takes place on one length of the home straight of a standard outdoor 400 m track.
begins on the curve of a standard track (where the runners are staggered in their starting position, to ensure that they all run the same distance)
is one lap around the track on the inside lane. Runners are staggered in their starting positions to ensure that everyone runs the same distance.
Guide to Futher Research-
Recomended Research Databases-
Academic Search Premier
Expanded Academic ASAP
The Encyclopedia of Wolrd Sports
. New York: Franklin Watts, 1944. Print.
Major Sports Techniques Illustrated
. New York: The Ronald Press
Company, 1954. Print.
Welcome to **Jamaica** Amateur **Athletic** Association Ltd.
Day 8 Report -
relay teams strike gold · Day 7 Report - VC takes the Silver;
now second on medal table
**Athletics** in **Jamaica** - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
These two men are regarded as the pioneers of
. In the 400m final McKenley ran out of steam in the last 100m and Wint passed him to become
. MVP Track Club · Talawah - Statistics. Usain Bolt - WR holder & Olympic Champion. WADA - World Anti-Drug Agency
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